Periodontal Disease

The word periodontal means “around the tooth”. Periodontal disease attacks the gums and the bone that support the teeth. Plaque is a sticky film of food debris, bacteria, and saliva. If plaque is not removed, it turns into calculus (tartar). When plaque and calculus are not removed, they begin to destroy the gums and bone. Periodontal disease is characterized by red, swollen, and bleeding gums.

Four out of five people have periodontal disease and don’t know it! Most people are not aware of it because the disease is usually painless in the early stages.

Not only is it the number one reason for tooth loss, research suggests that there may be a link between periodontal disease and other diseases such as, stroke, bacterial pneumonia, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and increased risk during pregnancy. Researchers are determining if inflammation and bacteria associated with periodontal disease affects these systemic diseases and conditions. Smoking also increases the risk of periodontal disease.

Good oral hygiene, a balanced diet, and regular dental visits can help reduce your risk of developing periodontal disease.

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A. Perio probe indicates excessive pocket depth and bone defects

B. PerioLase® MVP-7™ laser energy vaporizes bacteria, diseased tissue, pathologic proteins, and alerts the practitioner to the presence of tartar

C. Ultrasonic scaler and specialized tips are used to remove root surface tartar and calculus

D. Bone is modified at time of surgery, Laser Tissue Regeneration (LTR) initiated

E. PerioLase MVP-7 is used to form a gel-clot containingstern cells from bone and soft tissue collagen

F. Adherence of rete ridges, stern cells, RBCs to clean root surface, with a stable fibrin clot at the gingival crest to create a 'closed system'

G. Bite trauma is adjusted

H. True periodontal tissue regeneration occurs

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Epstein Plastic Surgery Long Island NY

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