Periodontal Disease:
Gum Disease Treatment
in Pasadena, CA

what is periodontal disease?

The word periodontal means “around the tooth”. Periodontal disease attacks the gums and the bone that support the teeth. Plaque is a sticky film of food debris, bacteria, and saliva. If plaque is not removed, it turns into calculus (tartar). When plaque and calculus are not removed, they begin to destroy the gums and bone. Periodontal disease is characterized by red, swollen, and bleeding gums.

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What causes periodontal disease?

If you’re looking for a single culprit that starts every case of gum disease, it’s plaque. Plaque is a sticky film that is constantly forming on your teeth. Plaque is a combination of saliva, food remains, and fluids. Plaque contains lots of bacteria that are interested in the sugars from the food that remains in plaque. When bacteria digest those sugars, they produce acids that start the process of tooth decay. Plaque is innocent enough as it builds on your teeth, and you simply brush and floss it away. When it is left alone and it starts to build under your gumline, that’s when problems begin. Poor oral hygiene at home and lack of professional exams and cleanings are far and away the main cause of gum disease. That’s what makes gum disease so frustrating for any dentist — it could be so easily prevented.

how common is periodontal disease?

Four out of five people have periodontal disease and don’t know it! Most people are not aware of it because the disease is usually painless in the early stages.

Not only is it the number one reason for tooth loss, research suggests that there may be a link between periodontal disease and other diseases such as, stroke, bacterial pneumonia, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and increased risk during pregnancy. Researchers are determining if inflammation and bacteria associated with periodontal disease affects these systemic diseases and conditions. Smoking also increases the risk of periodontal disease.

What are the symptoms of periodontal disease?

Unlike many diseases where the patient doesn’t have any initial symptoms until the disease has taken hold, gum disease shows itself throughout its development. First, you’ll have signs of gingivitis. You’ll see the inflamed red color of your gums, which should be the color pink bubble gum. They’ll bleed when you floss and brush. From there, things will continue to worsen, but it won’t be hard to see what’s happening. These will be the symptoms that your gingivitis has become full-blown gum disease:

  • Gums that bleed when brushing your teeth
  • Red, swollen, tender gums
  • Persistent bad breath
  • Bad taste in the mouth
  • Receding gums
  • Deep pockets between the teeth and the gums
  • Loose or shifting teeth
  • Changes in bite
  • how to avoid gum disease
Gum recession process. Medically accurate 3D illustration Shot of a beautiful young woman checking her breath at home

Good oral hygiene, a balanced diet, and regular dental visits can help reduce your risk of developing periodontal disease.

What are the treatments used to address periodontal disease?

The treatment path pursued by Dr. Meserkhani or our other Dental Studio of Pasadena prosthodontists depends on how far along your gum disease has progressed. No matter what your situation, the first step is to stem the infection and halt the progression of your periodontal disease. The infected gum tissue needs to be removed and the tooth roots prepared to begin the process of getting the gums to reattach.

For these treatments, our team uses the LANAP system, which stands for “laser-assisted new attachment procedure.” LANAP puts laser energy to work removing diseased tissue and sterilizing the gum pockets around the teeth. This prepares the teeth for an ultrasonic pick, which we use to remove the plaque and tartar that have accumulated on the tooth roots below the gum line, starting the process of your gum disease. The Periolase laser fiber is then inserted again to clean and disinfect the gum tissue around the tooth roots. This also causes blood in the area to become sticky, forming a seal around the tooth root. Now the teeth have a clean, stable environment for the gum tissue to reattach to the tooth roots. You can see an animation of the LANAP treatment on this page.

Beyond our LANAP treatment, surgical treatments may be necessary. If your situation merits it, we may enlist the services of a periodontist. 

Surgical treatments:

  • Flap surgery/pocket reduction surgery — In this procedure, the gums are lifted back and tartar is removed. We use our Periolase laser to clean periodontal pockets, vaporizing infected tissue, and disinfecting the area to activate tissue regrowth. The laser energy penetrates the soft tissues while instantly sealing blood vessels and nerve endings.
  • Bone grafts — Bone grafts are used on areas of the jawbone that have deteriorated. The grafts are placed, and bone mass regrows, stabilizing the teeth.
  • Soft tissue grafts — Tissue is usually taken from the roof of the mouth and stitched onto areas where the gums have receded or thinned.
  • Bone surgery — In moderate to advanced jawbone loss, surgery is done to decrease craters that have formed.

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Lanap Periodontal Diseaese Treatment

Learn More About LANAP

  • A. Perio probe indicates excessive pocket depth and bone defects
  • B. PerioLase® MVP-7™ laser energy vaporizes bacteria, diseased tissue, pathologic proteins, and alerts the practitioner to the presence of tartar
  • C. Ultrasonic scaler and specialized tips are used to remove root surface tartar and calculus
  • D. Bone is modified at the time of surgery, Laser-Tissue Regeneration (LTR™) initiated
  • E. PerioLase MVP-7 is used to form a gel-clot containing stern cells from bone and soft tissue collagen
  • F. Adherence of rete ridges, stern cells, RBCs to clean root surface, with a stable fibrin clot at the gingival crest to create a ‘closed system’
  • G. Bite trauma is adjusted
  • H. True periodontal tissue regeneration occurs


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“I HAVE BEEN A Dental Studio of Pasadena Patient for more than 7 YEARS and I have always received the Best care, They have always been dedicated to taking care of my Dental Health. In this Dental Center They have the perfect combination of PROFESSIONAL and qualified care and cutting-edge TECHNOLOGY to provide the best service to US YOUR PATIENTS !!” -Leo F.

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What are the risk factors for developing periodontal disease?

Anyone can develop gum disease, usually simply due to less-than-diligent home hygiene, coupled with infrequent visits to a dentist. But there are various health conditions and traits that would make a person more likely to develop gum disease, including:

  • You’re a smoker or you chew tobacco.
  • You have poor personal oral hygiene habits.
  • You have diabetes.
  • Your diet has nutritional inadequacies, particularly vitamin C.
  • Family members have or have had periodontal disease.
  • You’re female and going through hormonal changes.
  • You’re a man (men are more likely to have severe periodontal disease).
  • You’ve been diagnosed with cancer or AIDS and are receiving treatment.
  • You’re taking certain medications that have dry mouth as a side effect (dry mouth limits saliva production, which is key to a healthy oral environment).
Caucasian old man smoking a cigarette woman with diabetes checking her blood sugar

What happens if I don’t treat my periodontal disease?

If you leave gum disease to its own devices in your mouth, your future is simple — tooth loss and the eventual need for full dentures. Gum disease, once the infection has taken hold under the gumline, will not get better. It won’t go away on its own. It requires aggressive action to stem the infection before it begins to create abscesses, attacks the connective tissue holding the teeth in place, and then begins to attack the jawbone.

This is not something to leave to chance. 

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If you’re interested in learning more about periodontal disease treatment please contact us for a consultation at (626) 431 2930 or fill out our contact us form. We will discuss your needs and concerns, and determine your best course of action.

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Glendale, CA 91205